The Tree of Life
One Legacy of the Andites
Tree of Life is one of the most pervasive and enduring legends in the
history of religion. It was a real tree that grew on the planet
millenniums ago. It's history is pan-cultural. Belief in it's reality
spans from deep within the stone age to the present. It has always been
with divinity and immortality. It was the axis
known as the world tree to the cultures of that time. Along with
the Tree of Life is the Earth Goddess. The Earth Goddess is directly
associated with the Tree of Life. Both are extremely potent symbols and
both are embedded within the evolving cultures of early man which has
roots in the Andite culture. A third symbol unsurprisingly associated
with both the Tree of Life and the Great Goddess is the serpent. This
is more than a story of a tree and a
goddess. It is of a movement of people, language and culture and how we
came to be. Through all the twists and turns, ebbs and flows, this is
forgotten history, and it starts a long time ago.
If you have arrived to this web page first before reading any of the others pages on this site then it would be helpful to read the introduction which has a link at the bottom of this page. The introduction will give you background information to help you understand what this web site is based on and give you a brief overview of its contents. From there is a link back to this page. More information on the Tree of Life is available in the The Tree of Life and the Ancients page. There is also a link to it at the bottom of this page.Art, Language and Culture
Our story begins with the Lucifer Rebellion and the transporting of the Tree of Life to a high mountainous region by Van the leader of the loyalists. This region would become to be named Afghanistan. So ancient is the beginning of this story that we have no written record of these events. Or do we? It took a long long time to be written but it's there. It took the coming of the Andites and the culture they created to reveal this incredible legend. The Andites are legendary in their own right being from the bloodline of Adam and Eve and the Nodite remnants of the original fallen. And it is most appropriate that part of this story starts here in the wilds of Central Asia. For the Andites have the true first human aboriginal blood from creatures that looked upon the world with the first human eyes knowing they were different from all others. These first humans were Homo erectus by which the Urantia Book names them as the Andonites. Very near this place of epical significance is the beginning of the human race, but that is another story.
So, our story starts with the Andites as a pure Mesopotamian story. I wish I could say the Adamites and the Nodites only lived in what would later become Sumeria but nothing's that simple. Actually, one of Adam and Eve's sons - Adamson a pure line Adamite - met and married one of the last pure Nodite women and founded what I call the third Garden of Eden. This "third Eden" was located in the foothills of the Kopet Dagh and towards where Van had lived all those millennia. Van's headquarters are also just south of Bactria namesake to the BMAC the Bactria Margianna Archaeological Complex, the Oxus civilization and just west of the future Indus Valley civilization. This area also became a hub for the silk road. A great location for the the dispersal of culture south into India, east into China and west into future Europe. The Urantia Book defines these people as a race which have been long absorbed to the various peoples of today. Too bad. They were humorous, artistic, adventurous, inventive and musical. They gave us everything they had. They gave us civilization.
The Birth of the Andites
"The earliest Andite peoples took origin in the regions adjacent to Mesopotamia more than twenty-five thousand years ago and consisted of a blend of Adamites and Nodites." (Urantia Book p. 871)
Kopet Dagh, the location of the "3rd Eden" home of Adamson and Ratta. This is a secondary location for the leaven of the later eastern expansion of the Mesopotamian Andites. Click on image for a larger view.
Migrations of the Andites
It was about 15,000 B.C. when a great renaissance of the Garden culture was carried out to Eurasia and North Africa.
"Later on, when the migrating Adamites and Nodites entered the then fertile regions of Turkestan [now Turkmenistan], they soon blended with the superior inhabitants, and the resultant race mixture extended the Andite type northward." (Urantia Book p. 871-2) "From Mesopotamia through Sinkiang [now known as the location of the Tarmin Basin north of Tibet] the Andite culture was dominant, and the steady migration toward Europe was continuously offset by new arrivals from Mesopotamia. ...The civilization of Turkestan was constantly being revived and refreshed by the newcomers from Mesopotamia, especially by the later Andite calverymen. The so-called Aryan mother tongue was in the process of formation in the highlands of Turkestan; it was a blend of the Andonic dialect of that region with the language of the Adamsonites and later Andites. Many modern languages are derived from this early speech of these central Asian tribes who conquered Europe, India, and the upper stretches of the Mesopotamian plains. This ancient language gave the Occidental tongues all of that similarity which is called Aryan." (Urantia Book p. 872) In this age of political correctness this tongue is now called Indo-European.
"By 12,000 B.C. three quarters of the Andite stock of the world was resident in northern and eastern Europe, and when the later and final exodus from Mesopotamia took place, sixty-five per cent of these last waves of emigration entered Europe." (Urantia Book p. 872-3)
"The migratory conquests of the Andites continued on down to their final dispersions, from 8000 to 6000 B.C....They were skillfull domesticators of animals and expert agriculturists. For the time being, at least, their presence usually improved the religious beliefs and moral practices of the older races." (Urantia Book p.873)
These final emigrations from Mesopotamia went north in their largest number via the Caspian sea. Of this northern trek a small number went east into Sinkiang. Another small group went east into today's Iran and then into Turkmenistan. Yet another small group went west to Egypt. Only five per cent remained in the southern most part of Mesopotamia but these culturally superior Andites would become the seed of the later appearing Sumerians.
It should be remembered when looking at these maps that as the Andites spread out from Mesopotamia, that early man collectively was already there having had over half a million years to populate these lands. There was a continual movement of Andites from Mesopotamia and all evidences of civilization were carried from the epicenter of the Garden of Eden and Nodite culture. In these migrating waves were the Sethite priests who were taught by Seth one of the sons of Adam and Eve. I think it would be fair to attribute much of these fables, gods and history of Eden to these Sethite priests. So Andite culture was being overlaid atop the old Paleolithic stone age culture, uplifting and advancing it in preparation for the coming of civilization. And the Andite's inventiveness did not halt until after civilization appeared and they were quietly absorbed into the many faces of mankind. With the passing of the Andites no longer would the bloodline of the Adamites and Nodites be available to up step the peoples of the planet.
(Chick here to return to First Legend page.)
the Tree of
maintained a high culture for almost seven thousand years from the
times of Adamson and Ratta. Later on they became admixed with the
neighboring Nodites and Andonites and were also included among the
"mighty men of old." And some of the advances of that age persisted to
become a latent part of the cultural potential which later blossomed
into European civilization.
So, much later the tree would finally be replanted from the Kopet Dagh area to the Cyprus peninsula where the first Garden of Eden was located. It took only 105 years for the Garden's demise. After the default, Adam and Eve were not allowed to carry the tree to the second garden. The tree was now unprotected at this time and burned by Nodites warring among themselves. Since the system circuits were now suspended, they were unable to benefit from the age defying properties of its fruit. With this destruction of the Tree of Life no longer would any personality be able to suspend the natural course of mortal existence. Scholars suspect that the Garden of Eden was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. That is partially correct. It was the location of the second Garden that Adam and Eve created after their default. Because of close locations of these three epical events - the arrival of celestials, the Lucifer rebellion and the establishment of the second Garden - and the enormous time frame in which they transpired, these legends became admixed.
But the Tree of Life would live on in legend. Its history was part of Andite culture that spread around the world. Even the Mother Earth Goddess and the serpent survived. That is quite remarkable considering the length of time these events took place. Even now in the twenty first century these three icons from our distant past are still common knowledge.
One of the earliest settlements of mankind is the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture in Moldova, Romania and the Ukraine (the earliest we know of is Catalhoyuk, southern Turkey 6200-5700 BC). Located northwest of the Black Sea this area is now being referred to as part of the Old Europe dating back to 5500 BC. This term Old Europe was coined by archaeologist Marija Gimbutas and is synonymous with Neolithic Europe and Pre-Indo-European. Among artifacts unearthed are images of the Tree of Life and the ever pervasive figurines of the Earth Mother. The image of the Tree of Life along with others from the ancient Neolithic are still a part of traditional folk art in this region today. Click on bowl for a larger image.
There are two important things about this culture that marks it as Andite. First is evidence of the domestication of the horse. The Urantia Book states that the Andites were the first to do so. Second are the many goddess figurines found buried through out this region. The Urantia Book also states that the Andites worshiped the Mother Earth goddess. They had a crude and elementary system of writing. At least by our standards. Linguists have determined that there are some words related to Sumerian although these early scripts are open to speculation. This script maybe related to the Danube script which at this point is not very well understood. Both of these assumptions are most likely correct. It should be remembered that the neighboring Hungarians believe that they too are related to the Sumerians and that the Hungarian language helped decode and translated the cuneiform tablets. The C-T culture was experimenting with agriculture and metal, copper in particular. "Copper metallurgy was first introduced into east central Europe by 5500 BC, and clearly has a long and relatively unknown pedigree amongst the Old European homelands north of the Black Sea. Linguistically the vocabulary of metallurgy provides some evidence of the antiquity of smelting tradition. Where a root word exists in multiple languages, it is generally accepted as evidence of its antiquity." (http://www.gizagrid.com/egyptian_iron.html © Keith Squires 2005)
The worship of the Great Goddess, the Earth Mother, was by the time of the Neolithic becoming dominated by the male gods. In Sumeria the goddess became Inanna and remained a potent figure of worship and power. The veneration of the Tree of Life continued on finding expression in both stone reliefs and palatial murals. As these Andites migrated out from the alluvial plains of the Tigris and Euphrates every culture that grew up in their wake echoed their reverence for the Tree of Life. The four above Venuses are Gravettian named after a region in France. This culture from 28,000 to 22,000 BC is Upper Paleolithic which includes much of central Europe and Russia. These four are named from left to right: Venus of Vestonice Dolni (Czech Republic), Venus of Willendorf (Vienna, Austria), Venus of Lespugue (France) and the Venus of Laussel (Dordogne, France). All date to after the establishment of Eden.
To the far left the Goddess from Gobleki Tepe (east of Catalhoyuk) Anatolia 9,000 B.C.
Middle the Goddess from the Halaf period Mesopotamia 7,000 B.C.
To the near left the Goddess from Sumeria, Inanna "Queen of Heaven" 3,000 B.C.
To the far left the Babylonian Tree of Life in stone relief Palm style
Middle a Sumerian cylinder impression with genii, a god (or goddess), Tree of Life, serpent and the solar winged disk
To the left the Urartian Tree of Life with attending genii picking the fruit. Click on the image for a larger view.
Assyrian Tree of Life with two geniis and King Ashurnasirpal.
From the Northwest palace at Nimrud. Click on image for a larger view.
The Vanites were the ancestors of the Assyrians (Urantia Book p. 860) whose main religious symbol was the Tree of Life. The civilization of Urartu located in Turkey at Lake Van (highlands of Armenia) made many images of the two genii picking the fruit of the Tree of Life. The Sumerians, of course, had a very strong connection to the Tree of Life as well. The Tree of Life also known as the “sacred tree” made its way into Babylonian and Assyrian religious beliefs and related cultures of the region. It comes as no surprise that the tree would have such a large impact on the history of the region. It sustained the gods and grew for about 450,000 years. The Babylonians who conquered Akkad were also of Andite ancestry and assimilated the Sumerian culture and language. The empires of Assyria and Babylon were very close on the time line. The old Babylon empire was from 2000-1600 BC and the Assyrian empire was from about 2000-612 BC. The smaller tan illustration is a detail of one of the leafs or fruit in the Palm style.
oldest name of Babylon, Tin-tir-ki, meant ‘the place of the
tree of life’.
Tree of Life was a Babylonian concept, and as represented in carvings
it does not look particularly like a tree at all. It was shown as a
series of leafy rosettes, arranged and construction in a strange
[lattice] pattern...To the Babylonians, it was a tree with magical
fruit, which could only be picked by the gods. Dire consequences befell
any mortal who dared to pluck form its. The tree found its way into the
Hebrew legend of Adam and Eve...which is heavily loaded with allusions
of the Ancient of Days. Recent works on the Kabbalah make extensive use
of this tree. Ten parts or attributes of the Ancient of Days are
identified with ten of the rosettes..."
The location of Babylon is in the general area of where the second Garden of Eden was situated but the Tree of Life never actually grew there. This is a clear example of how the legends of the first and second gardens became blended over time.
Inanna and the Tree of Life
Every one of these images is of a king holding the symbol of the Tree of Life by which he rules by divine right. The most popular is the three branch style but all convey the same message. All kings also wear the bracelet with the rosette on it's band which is another symbol for Inanna.
is not Sumerian but she wears the horned cap of divinity as does Anu.
Various symbols are connected to her. The scepter, throne, a tree and a
snake and of these the scepter, crown, tiara, and staff are connected
to Anu. The rib story was borrowed from the Ninhursag saga a powerful
Nodite female goddess. "The
book of Genesis has more hints to this earlier epic [Atrahasis].
Ninhursag, who created the first "smarter humans" was celebrated by the
Anunaki and she was given the title of "Nin-ti," or "Lady of life."
Since early Hebrew has multiple meanings for the phrase "ti," meaning
both "rib" and "life," the creation of Eve by Nin-ti yielded to the
errant story of the first woman being created by Adam's rib (hence "the
lady of the rib")."
Inanna has an elusiveness of not being connected to a definite male figure. I think that this is indicative of her original ascension in status to a goddess from the time after the ancient establishment of Eden. Her roots are in the Great Mother Goddess which would pave the way of her assimilation to Eve and being placed in the Sumerian pantheon as Inanna, in the Assyrian pantheon as Aster and in the Egyptian pantheon as Isis. If we look at the symbol of Isis we see the ankh in which carries the root form of the scepter. In hieroglyphics the ankh simply meant "life". Even as Isis became Venus her scepter continues on perpetuating its power derived from a branch snapped from the Tree of Life originally grown in the soil of southern Mesopotamia."6. INANNA [ISHTAR], the highest ranking Goddess in the Pantheon, the Queen of Heaven. Her role transcended the bounds of the normal Pantheon, for she was not one the intruding Sumerian's divinities [emphasis added]. In the tale of Enki Ordering the Universe, Inanna grew angry as Enki announced the decrees called MES, assigning more than 160 Gods to their roles in the Universe. Inanna asked what he intended to give her, and he responded by giving her all that was left over. By way of this bequest, and as daughter of the Moon, Inanna took over the female related powers usually associated with the Moon. She became the Goddess of FERTILITY and of strong emotions such as LOVE and HATE.
Inanna did not need Enki's permission to be All that she was. Her power to confer upon a human King the legitimate right to rule the whole valley as KING OF KISH is evidence of her strength, but it did not stem from Enki's bequest. Kings loyal to intrusive theologies found it necessary to undertake a Ritual Marriage to Inanna in her sacred precincts, and in her city of Uruk, in order to make their rule legitimate in the eyes of the valley community, and to authenticate their claim to rule by Divine Right. Inanna was a dangerous WIFE to the Kings of Kish; her range of Powers included Fortune, and its opposite. Inanna's power stemmed from the antiquity of her presence in the valley. Earlier agricultural residents of the valley engaged in orchardry, chiefly dates, as well as traditional grain and vegetable farming. Fruits and grains made year-round living in the valley possible because they were relatively easy to store for use in the fallow phases of the year. Long before the Sumerians and Akkadians entered the valley, the riverside dwellers had already evolved some enduring responses to the Life Forces involved in the Fruiting of plants and the Preservation of their produce. The Life Force which allowed plants to set fruit and thus provide sustenance to man and beast, was DUMUZI. It is likely that he had a dynamic connection to water, for his Domain lay in that portion of the valley which intermingled with the fertilizing waters of the Rivers. His consort/wife was Inanna. She was the fertile soil and the Spirit which guarded the Storehouse: the mother/protector of the produce of the land.
There are several layers of mythic symbolisms embedded in the rituals and stories about Dumuzi and Inanna. It is tempting to see Dumuzi as Sweet Water and Inanna as the fertilized and Spiritual Earth. But by historic times, Sweet Water was the Domain of Enki; Inanna had become the Queen of Heaven with enormous power; while Dumuzi had taken on much of the character of the Egyptian Horus without the Horus' divinity. Dumuzi was the Spiritual husband of Inanna who descended into the body of an earthly king during his ritual marriage to Inanna, a ritual which conferred upon the King the Divine Right to rule all he could conquer for so long as he could keep it."
To the left are three maps explaining the origin of the Indo-European language. The first is the traditional view that the language had it's origin in a general area north of the Caucasus mountains between the Black and Caspian Seas . From there people speaking the earliest Indo-European language migrated both into Central Asia and Europe. The second map illustrates the first migration of the language south into Iran, then north into Central Asia and finally turning back along the northern route into Europe. The last map just shows the location the major language groups. Note that no Indo-European is in Central Asia. Three quite different views on the origins and spread of Indo-European speech. None of these views support what the Urantia Book says and that is the Andites developed the language and it's genesis is in Central Asia most likely in the location now called the BMAC.
For a comparison, this map shows Andite expansion with a simplified map of the silk road overlaid upon it. Not all routes are shown. It has a very strong east to west orientation and most likely is our best guide to earlier migrations. Between Bactria and the Tarmin Basin lie the Pamirs also known as "the top of the world". Even here are examples of the Tree of Life. The BMAC is shown in red.
some cases the snakes seem to grow out of the top of the wand and this
seems undoubtedly a later form, related to the Greek caduceus
… When the evident connection between the coupled snakes and
the Tree of Life is considered and the substitution of the tree for the
caduceus by Assyrian art, one is driven to the conclusion that the wood
of the wand, so carefully detailed on the Gudea vase, is the trunk of
the Tree of Life.
worth while remarking that the Winged Globe was sometimes borne as a
standard at the end of a staff …, in the manner of the
Caduceus and the Assyrian ensign."
"From a purely folkloric angle, it is impossible to ignore an odd fact that one finds in nearly every culture and throughout history: not only are staffs and serpents generally associated, but the juxtaposition or combination of the serpent and the bird symbols is almost always profoundly meaningful. That meaning, except in rare exceptions (which actually seem to prove the rule) is always positive, associated with healing, wisdom, and transcendence. The symbol of serpent and bird is typically reserved for powerful mythic figures, humans of unusual distinction (like shamans and mystics), or for royalty, who are often considered of divine origin.
in Sumerian and Akkadian representations of the axis mundi (the axis on
which the world spins), one finds a pair of serpents criss-crossed over
oldest available evidence suggests that the caduceus comes from ancient
Sumer during the late 3rd millennium BC. A cylinder seal from 2,200 BC,
entitled The Serpent Lord Enthroned, shows the deity in human form
sitting on his throne before a smoldering altar bordered by caduceus
emblems, less the pole. Another seal from the late third millennium
reveals a male figure sitting on a throne. Opposite him is a female
figure, and between them, a tree heavily laden with fruit. Next to the
female figure, in familiar “S” pattern writhes the
serpent Nabu, the god of intellectual activity, wisdom and writing. In
the oldest recorded story known to mankind, The Epic of Gilgamesh, the
serpent springs from a well, eats the ‘plant of
youth’, sloughs off its skin and disappears again, robbing
the hero of his chance at immortality. Although no editorial provides
meaning for the snake’s theft of the plant, it is clear from
the story that the serpent became immortal by doing so, and Gilgamesh
did not. And finally at his death, Gilgamesh’s family and
friends weighed out their offering to the gods. And among them were
Ningizzida, the god of the serpent, the lord of the Tree of Life, to
whom they offered bread."
Mundi and the World Tree
There is a famous sarcophagus lid with a classic Mayan image of the Mayan king Pacal. On it the king is shown descending into the earth the underworld. Directly above the king is the cross shaped Tree of Life. There are many similarities between this Mayan Tree of Life and the Mesopotamian Tree of Life. Both reference: the four cardinal points of the compass, support the sky, have the three realms of sky (branches), earth (trunk) and underworlds (roots). Both are the axis mundi and the world tree. The Mayan cosmic tree was the conduit by which the dead ascended to heaven and descended into the underworld. And as with the Babylonian concept of kingship the Mayan was also seen as the very embodiment of the axis mundi. It was alive with sacred energy and had mirror symbols indicating that the tree had a brilliance and power.
civilisations of Central and South America do not appear to have been
as ancient as those of Mesopotamia and Egypt, but there is plenty of
evidence to suggest that some cross-pollination of culture occurred,
possibly via such sea-faring nations as the Phoenicians, or even the
Sumerians. As amazing as it may seem, some artefacts that have been
unearthed in Bolivia, in the vicinity of Lake Titicaca, are inlaid with
cuneiform script that seems to be of Proto-Sumerian extraction (4).
This has lead some scholars to seek a controversial link between the
Mesopotamian culture 5000 years ago and South America.
is one more similarity between the Mayan and the Sumerian story of the
Tree of Life and that is the bird symbol that hovers above. In Sumer
this is the winged disk/sun disk. In the Norse religion it is an eagle.
In the Mayan religion it is the Itzamna bird. This bird has a number of
names such as the Bird of Heaven, the Celestial Bird, the bird of the
upper world and the Principal Bird Deity. The illustration to the left
show the highly stylized Itzamna bird perched atop the Tree of Life.
Click on image for a larger size.
symbol is similar to those found in the murals of the ancient Mayan
city of Teotihuacan, Mexico depicting the "quetzal bird² with
sun-disk shield on the front of its body. The Quetzal symbolized the
movement of Creation and the will of the Creator come to
The Mayan Tree of Life is a cross and carries the same symbolism as does the Tree of Life in Mesopotamia. The cross to the left is of Inca origin and although it may not look like the Tree of Life it does represent many of the World Tree attributes. Included would be the four cardinal points of the compass, the three levels of existence (the heavens, the earth plane and the underworld) and the center hole being the axis mundi with its association with the shaman's cosmic corridor and access to the gods. This hole in the cross was also the portal for the soul to travel to heaven and then down into the underworld to be reborn again. Also as the axis mundi it represents Cusco the heart of the Incan empire. It is known as the Inca Cross and as the Chakana.
The Andites not only carried
civilization to Egypt but a small number
sailed to South America.
“One hundred and thirty two of this race, embarking in a
small boats from Japan, eventually reached South America and by
intermarriage with the natives of the Andes established the ancestry of
the later rulers of the Incas.” (Urantia Book p.
Both images are clickable. The larger one illustrates how the Andites set sail from Japan and ended their journey in Peru. At the time of their immigration sea levels were much lower and at that time many islands dotted the Pacific. If you go to Google Maps you can easily see where these islands were located. The smaller image shows where the earliest known South American city, Caral, was built. Another interesting aspect of this map is that the Nazca lines are just inland from the site where the Andites arrived. About Caral:
"In 2001, the oldest town in South America was officially announced. Dating to 2600 BC, it pushed back the date for the “first town” with one millennium. What is even more intriguing, is that the town of Caral has pyramids, contemporary with the Egyptian Pyramid Era....The ancient pyramids of Caral predate the Inca civilisation by 4000 years, but were flourishing a century before the pyramids of Gizeh…What is Caral like? The site is in fact so old that it predates the ceramic period. Its importance resides in its domestication of plants, including cotton, beans, squashes and guava. The absence of ceramics meant that these foods could not be cooked – though roasting was an option....All pyramids were built in one or two phases, which means that there was a definitive plan in erecting these monuments. The design of the central plaza would also later be incorporated in all similar structures across the Andes in the millennia to come – thus showing that Caral was a true cradle of civilisation.
discovery of Caral has therefore reintroduced a powerful enigma: at the
same time, on two different continents, agricultural advancements
created a new style of life. The available workforce that agriculture
had created was reemployed in the construction of pyramids. This
“template” is visible in Peru, Sumer and Egypt, all
3rd millennium BC. Coincidence, or evidence of design? Alternative
researchers will certainly soon reopen this debate, but archaeologists
steer well clear of it.
ancient city above along with Caral is Chankillo and its claim to fame
is as the earliest solar observatory.
research in Peru is constantly pushing back the origins of civilization
in the Americas," said Ivan Ghezzi, a graduate student in the
department of Anthropology at Yale University and lead author of the
paper. "In this case, the 2,300 year old solar observatory at Chankillo
is the earliest such structure identified and unlike all other sites
contains alignments that cover the entire solar year. It predates the
European conquests by 1,800 years and even precedes, by about 500
years, the monuments of similar purpose constructed by the Mayans in
mythology and the
Rug and Textile Design from Countries of the "Rug Belt"
To the left are the countries of the "Rug Belt". They stretch from modern day Turkey to western China on a central path that follows the earliest migrations of the Andites and the later appearing Silk Road. Within these textiles we find examples of the Tree of Life, the serpent (dragon) and the bird deity (phoenix). These images are from an ancient Turkish culture and have shamanistic origins. They come from Central Asia and a nomadic tradition. Most of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan are included in Central Asia.
of this evolutionary shuffle the meanings of many symbols, motifs and
designs become lost and confused. The same iconography can mean very
different things to similar peoples. In spite of this there do remain
certain patterns that seem to survive this process. Some iconography
seems to hold universal value to these people who primarily express
themselves through woven textile arts.
image is often called the Tree of Life and may be represented in a
variety of scales and pattern formations as well as flanked by a
variety of other floral symbols and animals. The entire ensemble can be
recorded to Sumerian times 3000 b.c.e. The probability these motifs are
included in our artistic collective memory is possible. Although the
rug pattern is indigenous to the Rug Belt, trees and the resulting
symbolism have played a role in many cultures around the globe. This is
conveyed via stories, myths, as well a pictorial representation in a
variety of art forms."
The Tree of Life design to the left is from a southern Iranian ethnic group named the Baluch. Notice that this design resembles the vine tree design found in Sumer and that the fruit at the ends of the branch also resemble the familiar football shape. It is quite interesting in that most designs are more abstract in appearance. The Baluch tribe is located in southern most Iran and adjacent to Pakistan where the Andites entered India as Aryan invaders.
Baluch design is this shaman within a tree. On the next page this
concept of the shaman/king/god within a tree is discussed. "Detail
of fig. 7 depicting a shamanic image contained within the trunk of the
tree. Seen holding trophies in either "hand", the arms appear more like
wings than arms."
image of the dragon vs. phoenix theme from Tibet. "A
Tibetan carpet depicting the ever popular dragon/phoenix design, a
pattern that is ubiquitous in Tibetan pile weaving. Early 20th century,
Collection of Shirin & Giuseppe de Giosa." The dragon and phoenix is
just another name for the serpent and bird conflict. Read the Sumerian
epic The Myth
of Etana for the background story.
Hungary and the iconic
heavely origin of kingship is already attested in the earliest
Mesopotamian cultures. In both Sumerian and Babylonian mythology, it is
expressed allegorically with the image of a
tree planted upon earth by the mother goddess, Inanna/Ishtar. The
sacred tree, usually represented in the form of a stylized palm tree
growing on a mountain, is the most common decorative motif in Assyrian
"Stargate" the axis mundi
space is understood as a split in the homogeneity of profane space;
this break builds an opening that allows a joint between separated
cosmic spheres, between heaven, earth and underworld: sacred space is
defined by this vertical dimension (axis mundi). The world is conceived
as an extension around this axis, respectively the axis mundi is
situated at the center of the world. The sacred mountain, the temple
and palace, the sacred city are always the axis mundi, the connection
of the cosmic dimensions. As center of the world, the sacred space
contains a replica of the whole cosmos, it represents heaven, earth and
underworld in a concrete form (imago mundi). Sacred space is the only
conceivable dimension of life. In Eliade's thought sacred space is
constantly connoted in an absolute positive way: it is cosmos, it is
withdrawn from the chaos by divine intervention: ..."
Enuma Elish is a Babylonian or Mesopotamian myth of creation recounting
the struggle between cosmic order and chaos. It is basically a myth of
the cycle of seasons. It is named after its opening words and was
recited on the fourth day of the ancient Babylonian New Year's
festival. The basic story exists in various forms in the area. This
version is written in Akkadian, an old Babylonian dialect, and stars
Marduk, the patron deity of the city of Babylon. A similar earlier
version in ancient Sumerian has Anu, Enil and Ninurta as the heroes,
suggesting that the story was adapted to justify the religious
practices in the cult of Marduk in Babylon."
exhibit in the Louvre is a green libation vase, which was excavated
from the ancient Mesopotamian city of Lagash. The inscription
on it, from King Gudea of Lagash circa 2025 BC, is a dedication to
Ningizzida. Also on the vase is an image of two entwined
snakes on a rod. Some have dated the vase as far back as 4000
B.C. The rod is most likely to be Axis Mundi, the world tree,
Yggdrasil, the tree of life. Ningizzida, a fertility god, was
also known as 'Lord of the Tree of Life'. He was often
depicted as a serpent with a human head, and later became a god of
healing and magic. His companion was Tammuz/Dumuzi, who
personified the creative powers of spring  (like the Greek Maia)."
Tree of Life had also been linked with the serpent or dragon (winged
serpent) for over 1,000 years before Genesis was written. In 2025 BC
the cup of the Sumerian King Gudea of Lagash (see Chapter 5, Fig. 22)
showed two winged dragons holding back a pair of opening doors to
reveal a caduceus of uniting snakes, the incarnation of the god
Ningizzida, one of the names given to the consort of the mother
goddess, to whom the cup is inscribed: ‘Lord of the Tree of
Truth’." (No URL)
The above quote is interesting in that the same inscription on the Gudea vase has been translated in two different ways - Tree of Life/Tree of Truth. This may shed light on the problems of translation today .
northern Babylonia the goddess of the Tree of Life was called the
‘divine Lady of Eden’ or Edin, and in the south she
called the ‘Lady of the Vine’, an understandable
name given that the Sumerian sign for ‘life’ was
a vine leaf.(10) However, in the myth of Eden, where there is no
unifying image of a goddess, there is significantly also not one tree
but two trees, or, it could be said, the one tree has become two, and
now the fruit of both of them is forbidden. In earlier mythologies the
one tree offered both ‘knowledge’ and
or ‘wisdom’ and ‘immortality’
(as in Fig.1).
Here, knowledge of good and evil is split apart from eternal life, so
that a perception of duality is rendered absolutely antithetical to a
perception of life’s unity.(11) Campbell comments that:
‘The principle of mythic dissociation, by which God and his
world, immortality and mortality, are set apart in the Bible is
expressed in a dissociation of the Tree of Knowledge from the Tree of
What the above statement is saying is that both the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge were one in the same. This is derived from the Genesis 2:9 account: "And out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food, the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil". This statement is interpreted as both trees growing in the center of the garden. Since only one tree can actually occupy the center the second tree must be an additional attribute to the Tree of Life.
Mes and Huluppu Tree
picture to the left is Mayan. Within the oval is a human face which is
inside the mouth of a serpent. This serpent is known as the Vision
Serpent. The square inset is another example of this serpent. This
concept just on its own is quite extraordinary but what is included
with this sculpture makes it even more so. Click on the image for a
larger view. Included are the symbols for the sun god Shamash (with the
hub), the Goddess symbol of the rosette and the symbol for the moon.
symbolism which is, of course, Andite. Except for the moon god Sin
these symbols of Inanna, Shamash/Utu, the serpent and Enki as the god
of knowledge all relate to Eden. This trail just does not seem to quit,
Etymologists do not know what the mes-tree or the Huluppu tree actually means. Some of those who work with these epics comment that biblical accounts of this nature are based on the earlier Sumerian texts. That is these seemingly improbable stories are myth. This site sees it as both biblical and Sumerian texts referring to the same events, personalities and places in antiquity. That is these seemingly improbable stories are true.The trail from Mesopotamia may also be found in the Andean mythologies of the Inca. The Inca worshiped the Earth goddess Pachamama and the sun god Inti with Viracocha as top creator god. The sun god Inti had a sister who was Mama-Kilya the moon. They also worshiped a feathered serpent god who was Viracocha and is also known to the Mayas as Kukulkan and Quetzalcoatl by the Aztecs. Other beliefs about this god would include the teaching of the arts of civilization, agriculture, the calendar and from the sea he came and to the sea he returned. The religious and social center of Inca life was in the large fortress called Sacsahuaman. It was home of the Inca Lord and the site of the Temple of the Sun. The Inca calendar was both solar and lunar. Mayan drawings of Kukulkan are said to resemble the Enki depictions from Sumeria. Within the Mayan pantheon he (as Kukulkan) was considered one of three gods who created the earth and was a twin brother to one of the other gods, Tezcatlipoca (his evil twin). The ancient Temple of Kukulkan of the Mexican Mayans is called El Castillo at Chichen Itza.
The five holy symbols of Mesopotamia
They would be the moon god Nanna (Sin in Akkadian) a crescent shape, the sun god Utu (Shamash in Akkadian) as a star shape, the winged disk, the horned cap of divinity and a symbol for representing the Tree of Life. This Tree of Life symbol is sometimes represented as only two "branches" rather than the more familiar group of three. This symbol occurs within a variety of styles. Finally there is a symbol of 6 to 7 spheres that may represent the seven stars of the seven main gods (the Pleiades were thought to be the seven gods together as a group).
If you look closely at their winged disk in the picture below you will see a cross within a circle. This is the sign of Anu and perhaps some would claim the mark of Cain. It continues down to the present day. If you look at some of the Christian icons you will see the cross in the circle as in the halo of Christ. This particular halo is known as the Cruciform Halo.
In the above statement, this mark being condemned by earlier Bible writers was not documented on the web site. No information was given as to where this statement came from. However, this same red cross is the symbol that the crusaders had emblazoned on their shields. This is part of the Merovigian kings myth of claiming they were part of the bloodline of Jesus through the lineage of Cain. Where ever the early church fathers encountered this symbol it may in fact be the "mark of Cain" or as I would put it the "mark of Eden". A mark put on Cain would be tribal and that would be Edenic. This would be a mark well understood by everyone within the vicinity. This is truly an old symbol from the time before recorded history. Actually I backed into this subject by investigating why Enki (Van) was connected with water. Here are the points I considered why water was important in connection with Enki "Lord Earth".
Enki's home is in the Abzu, the underground sweet water abode. It is also the location of his subterranean palace in the Axis Mundi, the pivot upon which the world turns. In the Babylonian epic Atrahasis it is where Marduke creates the first humans. Babylon was located in or very near the Garden of Eden.
Enki lives under the world tree in the Abzu from which his sweet water flows into the world.
to Mesopotamian myths, the god of freshwaters, Enki, who dwells in the
freshwater abyss at Eridu, is the "single source" of all the world's
"Sea-house mansion" is shown [below] as a cubicle within the depths of
the imaginary freshwater ocean which lies under the earth. Note the
FOUR STREAMS surrounding this cubicle, showing it lies under water, in
then summoned Utu, the Sun God and Light of the Day. Together, they
brought a mist from the depths of the earth and watered the whole face
of the ground. Then Enki and Utu created waterways to surround the land
with a never-ending source of fertile Sweet Waters, and Enki also
devised basins and cisterns to store the waters for further needs.
The above three images show Enki associated with four rivers. So how does all this relate to the "mark of Eden"? According to Sumerian mythology Enki is the source of all sweet water (as opposed to salt water). The water flows from Enki and in some images of Enki he is shown with four rivers flowing from him. He lives in the Abzu the source of his sweet waters. His temple is beneath the world tree. Genesis states water flowed from Eden into four rivers. The world tree is the axis mundi located at the center of a terrestrial "X". Four rivers therefore issue from the axis mundi which houses Enki's palace in the Abzu. The Sumerians pictured the world as a flat disk which was encircled by fresh water. This is the cross in a circle. The circle represents the Sumerian known world. The "X" represents both the location of the Axis Mundi at the center of the world as well as the four rivers from which all sweet waters originate. The Axis Mundi, the world tree, represents the Tree of Life that grew at the center of the Garden of Eden. Of all the gods of the Sumerian pantheon it is Enki who interacts the most with Innana. And this is why I believe that the cross in the circle symbol is the "mark of Cain" or as I interpret it as the "mark of Eden". This symbol is still with us today. The image below is of a modern shaman's totem pole. Note the cross in the circle on the pole. This pole represents the axis mundi.
Click Here to return to Cain
to the left is very
interesting. It shows the Tree of Life with a serpent
wrapped around the trunk. Four rivers are issuing from the base of the
tree to a circle of water surrounding the illustration. At the bottom
is Enki's palace in the Abzu. You can click on the image for a larger
size. This is the only time I have seen all these elements in one
This picture is of a petroglyph, rock art, showing two cross in the circle images above a line of men. It is hard to date this type of art but it is most likely Nordic Bronze Age (about 1,000 BC). These spoked wheels are sometimes called sun disks.
The illustration at the top of the page is a re-creation of a paneled hallway from a palace in Urartu in which hundreds of the iconic image of the Tree of Life were painted in the same manner as the palace of king Ashurnasirpal II and the later temple of king Solomon.
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